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美国国会警告说:如果不进行重大改革,美国将很容易受到网络攻击

Congress Warns U.S. Will Be Vulnerable to Cyber Attacks Without Major Reform

A major congressional study of U.S. preparedness in cyberspace released this week found that the U.S. needs to catch up, and fast—or run the risk of being caught off guard by an adversary.

美国国会在本周发布的一份关于美国网络安全防范的重要研究报告发现,而其不仅需要迎头赶上,而且还要要迅速——否则就会面临被对手打个措手不及的风险。

“The U.S. government is currently not designed to act with the speed and agility necessary to defend the country in cyberspace,” the final version of the Cyberspace Solarium Commission’s report, which was mandated by Congress, warned. “We must get faster and smarter, improving the government’s ability to organize concurrent, continuous, and collaborative efforts to build resilience, respond to cyber threats, and preserve military options that signal a capability and willingness to impose costs on adversaries.”

由国会授权的网络空间委员会报告的最终版本警告说:“美国政府目前的行动速度和灵活性还不足以在网络空间保卫国家;所以我们必须变得更快、更聪明、提高政府组织并行、持续和协作努力的能力以建立应变能力和应对网络威胁,并保留表明有能力和意愿让对手付出代价的军事选项。”

Key findings include that the U.S. military is short on qualified personnel, as well as that the private and public sectors must quickly build layered defenses to keep the economy functional during cyber attacks. It also recommended that Congress authorize a number of new organizations and posts. Those include House and Senate cybersecurity committees, a dedicated assistant secretary of state to lead a new Bureau for Cyberspace Security and Emerging Technologies to strengthen ties with allied nations’ cyberdefense and cyberwarfare institutions, and a national cyber director at the White House.

调查的主要发现包括:美国军方缺乏合格的人才、私营和公共部门必须迅速建立多层次的防御体系,以便在网络攻击期间保持经济正常运转;它还建议国会批准若干新的组织和员额;这些人包括众议院和参议院网络安全委员会、一位专门负责网络安全和新兴技术的助理国务卿、负责领导一个新的网络安全和新兴技术局,以加强与盟国网络防御和网络战机构的联系以及白宫的一位国家网络主任。

Read more at Gizmodo

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