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欧洲航天局采取措施处理空间碎片

European Space Agency Takes Steps to Address Space Debris

ClearSpace-1 is planned for launch in 2025 and will be the first mission to remove an item of space debris from orbit. After a competitive bid process, the European Space Agency has awarded a service contract to a consortium led by the Swiss startup company ClearSpace, which is staffed by space debris experts from the École polytechnique fedérale de Lausanne (EPFL) research institute.

ClearSpace-1计划于2025年发射升空,它将是第一次从轨道上移除空间碎片的任务。经过竞争性的投标过程,欧洲航天局已将一份服务合同授予瑞士初创企业ClearSpace领导的财团,该财团的工作人员是来自洛桑埃科尔理工学院(EPFL)的空间碎片专家。

The service contract model is a different way of working on missions for ESA. Usually the agency takes an active role in defining how a mission works. In this instance, however, it is paying ClearSpace to remove a piece of space junk but not specifying how that should be done. In this way, ESA is hoping to stimulate a commercial market for comparatively low-cost space debris removal.

服务合同模式是欧空局执行任务的另一种方式。通常,该机构在确定任务如何运作方面发挥积极作用。然而,在这个例子中,它向ClearSpace支付资金来移除太空垃圾,但并没有说明应该如何做。通过这种方式,欧空局希望刺激一个成本相对较低的空间碎片清除商业市场。

Read more at The Guardian

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