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人工智能电脑芯片“嗅出”危险,可能取代嗅探犬

AI Computer Chip ‘Smells’ Danger, Could Replace Sniffer Dogs

Computer chips using AI might put sniffer dogs out of work — at least in the area of smelling dangerous chemicals in drugs, explosives, and other substances — according to a new study published in the journal Nature.

根据发表在《自然》杂志上的一项新研究,使用人工智能的电脑芯片可能会让嗅探犬失去工作——至少在嗅出毒品、爆炸物和其他物质中的危险化学物质方面也是如此。

Researchers for Cornell University and Intel produced a “neuromorphic” chip called Loihi that reportedly makes computers think like biological brains, according to Daily Mail.

据英国《每日邮报》报道:康奈尔大学和英特尔公司的研究人员研制出了一种名为Loihi的“神经形态”芯片,据称这种芯片能让电脑像生物大脑一样思考。

The researchers created the circuit on the chip, mirroring organic circuits found in the olfactory bulbs of a dog’s brain, which is how they process their sense of smell.

研究人员在芯片上创建了这个电路,模仿了狗大脑中存在于嗅球中的有机电路,这就是它们处理嗅觉的方式。

The Loihi chip can identify a specific odor on the first try and even differentiate other, background smells, said Intel, according to Daily Mail.

据英国《每日邮报》报道,英特尔公司表示Loihi芯片可以在第一次尝试时就识别出一种特定的气味,甚至可以区分其他的背景气味。

The chip can even detect smells humans emit when sick with a disease — which varies depending on the illness — and smells linked to environmental gases and drugs.

这种芯片甚至可以检测出人类生病时散发的气味——根据疾病的不同而有所不同——以及与环境气体和药物有关的气味。

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