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政府科学家正在从纯光中创造物质

Government Scientists Are Creating Matter From Pure Light

In a U.S. government laboratory on Long Island, scientists have forged matter out of pure light using a sophisticated particle accelerator, while also demonstrating an elusive phenomenon for the first time ever on Earth.

在长岛的一个美国政府实验室里,科学家们用精密的粒子加速器从纯光中制造出了物质,同时也首次在地球上展示了一种难以捉摸的现象。

The experimental breakthrough validated predictions made by influential physicists nearly a century ago and sheds new light on mysterious processes that occur on both quantum and cosmic scales.

这一实验突破证实了近一个世纪前有影响力的物理学家的预测,并为发生在量子和宇宙尺度上的神秘过程提供了新的线索。

This conversion of photons, which are massless light particles, into electrons, an elementary form of matter, was achieved by a team of researchers working with the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory. Though the theoretical groundwork of the new research has its origins in the early 20th century, it took special upgrades to an experiment called the Solenoidal Tracker at RHIC (STAR) detector to finally make it a reality.

美国能源部布鲁克海文国家实验室的一组研究人员利用相对论重离子对撞机(RHIC)实现了光子(一种无质量的轻粒子)向电子(一种物质的基本形式)的转换。尽管这项新研究的理论基础起源于20世纪初,但直到对RHIC (STAR)探测器上的螺线管跟踪器(Solenoidal Tracker)实验进行了特殊升级,才最终使其成为现实。

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