TSS DEBUTS IN CHINESE:Orbis:Changing the way the world sees
Disclaimer: this article is not originally published on TSS official website. It is created by STARSET_Mirror members.
The World Report on Vision, released by the World Health Organization (WHO) on 10 October 2019, ahead of World Eye Care Day (the second Thursday in October), summarizes current estimates of the number of people worldwide WHO suffer from several major eye diseases that cause visual impairment, based on current research data.
There are currently 2.2 billion people worldwide with visual impairment (including those with unsolved visual impairment), at least 1 billion of whom can be prevented or have unsolved visual impairment, Among them, 123.7 million had refractive errors, 65.2 million had cataracts, 69 million had glaucoma, 4.2 million had corneal opacities, 3 million had DR-trachoma, 2 million had trachoma, and 826 million had presbyopia that had not been corrected by goggles.
上世纪六十年代末期，美国眼科医生David Paton在游历各国后，意识到在发展中国家极度缺乏眼科学教育和眼部护理，导致盲疾频生。让他如此忧虑的原因是因为当时全球90%的可预防性盲疾都发生在发展中国家，而这样的落差必须有人来填补。但是，来自发展中国家的医生护士却由于高昂的培训费用，国际旅行和住宿费用，难以去发达国家接受培训。1973年，奥比斯计划正式展开，致力于为全球医护人员开展眼科培训。其后，David Paton梦想成真，得到美国联合航空捐赠一架在1960年建成的道格拉斯DC-8飞机，在美国国际发展局拨款资助下，飞机内部被大规模改装成为一间设备完善的眼科医院，到了1982年3月，奥比斯飞机医院正式启航，在巴拿马进行了第一次救盲工作；自此以后，一支灵活的奥比斯医疗队伍，联同世界先进国家的义务眼科专家到访发展中国家，为失明人士带来光明。1986年，奥比斯将医疗工作由飞机伸延到地面医院，在当地医疗设施贫乏的环境下，向医护人员亲身示范眼科手术及分享临床经验，让他们学以致用。
In the late 1960s, David Paton, an American ophthalmologist, traveled around the world and realized that the lack of ophthalmology education and eye care in developing countries was leading to an epidemic of blindness. What worried him so much was that 90 percent of preventable blindness occurred in developing countries, and someone had to fill the gap. However, doctors and nurses from developing countries find it difficult to receive training in developed countries due to the high cost of training, international travel and accommodation. In 1973, the Orbis Program was launched to provide ophthalmology training to medical professionals around the world. Later, David Paton’s dream came true. United Airlines donated a Douglas DC-8 airplane built in 1960. With a grant from the United States Department of International Development, the interior of the airplane was massively converted into a well-equipped eye hospital. The first blind rescue was carried out in Panama; Since then, a flexible orbis medical team, together with volunteer ophthalmologists from advanced countries around the world, has visited developing countries to bring light to the blind. In 1986, Orbis extended medical work from airplanes to ground hospitals, demonstrating eye surgery and sharing clinical experience with medical staff in a local environment with poor medical facilities, so that they can apply what they have learned.
What is Orbis
国际奥比斯 （Orbis International, 简称Orbis） 是一个国际性非政府非营利机构，肩负全球救盲使命。奥比斯通过提供医疗设备和技术，以及培训眼科医护人员，协助发展中国家制订长远的救盲计划，解决可避免的盲疾。奥比斯积极提升各地眼科医护人员的技术水准，期待受助地区的医疗伙伴能够自行营运，为人们提供可负担、方便及持续的优质眼科服务。奥比斯的宗旨是“改变世界的视野 (Changing the way the world sees)”。“奥比斯”（Orbis）在拉丁文中含有“眼睛”的意思，在希腊语中意味“地球”。奥比斯亦是世界卫生组织主导的视野2020（VISION 2020: the Right to Sight）合作计划的其中一名始创成员，目标是在2020年前，扫除全球可避免的眼疾。
Orbis International (referred to as Orbis) is an International non-governmental non-profit organization, shoulder the global mission to save the blind. Orbis assists developing countries in developing long-term plans to address avoidable blindness by providing medical equipment and technology and training eye care workers. Orbis is actively promoting the technical level of ophthalmic medical staff in different regions, and expects medical partners in the assisted areas to operate their own operations and provide affordable, convenient and sustainable quality ophthalmic services to people. Orbis aims to “change the way the world sees.” Orbis means “eye” in Latin and “earth” in Greek. Orbis is also a founding member of the WHO-led VISION 2020: The Right to Sight collaboration, which aims to eliminate avoidable eye diseases worldwide by 2020.
Orbis is a neutral, non-profit international humanitarian development organization. Orbis’ mission is to manage, train and improve local medical teams in partnership with local partners to better serve the local population and provide affordable, high-quality ophthalmic services. Orbis’ vision is to change people’s lives through prevention and treatment of blindness.
Orbis eye has the world’s only flying eye hospital. The first generation of ophthalmology flying hospital was built in 1982. It was refit from a DC-8 aircraft, equipped with pre-examination room, examination room, miniature operating room, nursing room and other surgical equipment, which can not only perform operations but also conduct demonstration teaching, and directly conduct q&A with demonstration doctors through two-way communication equipment. In addition, it is equipped with a group of highly skilled doctors, nurses, engineers, pilots and other random personnel from all over the world.
Since 1986, Orbis has extended medical work from aircraft to ground hospitals, demonstrating eye surgery and sharing clinical experience with medical staff in the local medical facilities, so that they can apply what they have learned. Since 1999, Orbis has established long-term ground projects with Bangladesh, China, Ethiopia, India, Vietnam and countries in Latin America and the Caribbean to help improve local health care.
Orbis is based in New York. We now have representative offices in the United Kingdom, Ireland, Singapore, Canada, Hong Kong, Macau, Mainland China and South Africa. Since it was founded in 1982, more than 400 from more than 30 countries of the world’s best ophthalmologist, visited four continents, more than 70 countries and regions, the surgical treatment on 20000 patients with eye diseases in the plane, so that they see light, and there are more than 30000 countries eye doctors, nurses participated in its training plan, make it become the backbone of the implement of blindness.
The Development Of Orbis
到2019年底为止，奥比斯在全球17个国家和地区开展长期项目，包括：喀麦隆，埃塞俄比亚，加纳，肯尼亚马拉维，卢旺达，坦桑尼亚，乌干达，赞比亚，孟加拉国，尼泊尔，印度，中国，蒙古，越南，秘鲁，玻利维亚等。 2019年，奥比斯共派遣了144名志愿医护工作者在飞行眼科医院和当地医院开展培训。 而在2018年，奥比斯全年培训医护工作者共63063人，为3199194人提供眼部检查和视力筛查，验配了395611副眼镜，开展了78195次手术和激光治疗。
By the end of 2019, Orbis is working on long-term projects in 17 countries and territories around the world, including: Cameroon, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Bangladesh, Nepal, India, China, Mongolia, Vietnam, Peru, Bolivia and more. In 2019, Orbis sent 144 volunteer health care workers to train at the Flying Eye Hospital and local hospitals. In 2018, Orbis trained 63,063 healthcare workers, provided eye examinations and vision screening for 3,199,194 people, tested 395,611 pairs of glasses, and carried out 78,195 surgeries and laser treatments.
How Orbis Works
Orbis Flying Eye Hospital
In 1980, United Airlines donated a DC-8 cargo plane to Orbis. After two years of modification, orbis Eye Hospital officially opened in 1982. In the same year, orbis visited Guangzhou for training. In 1992, orbis bought a DC-10 and modified it with the support of donors for the program. In 1994, the second-generation aircraft DC-10 entered service, and the first-generation DC-8 was officially retired and donated by Orbis to the Chinese government, where it is still preserved at the China Aviation Museum in Beijing. The mD-10, a third-generation eye aircraft formerly a cargo aircraft, was fully refitted in 2016 with the generous support of its partners. In 2019 alone, more than 1,000 medical professionals were trained at the Eye Hospital through lectures, lectures and hand training.
Orbis telemedicine teaching platform(Cybersight) is an award-winning Internet telemedicine teaching platform. Through Cybersight, Orbis volunteer eye care specialists can use the latest Internet and mobile technologies to educate and support eye care professionals around the world. Cybersight, which broadcasts classes and surgeries live to partner hospitals and classrooms around the world, is also a library of life that aggregates Orbis’s training efforts. In 2019, the Cybersight teaching platform trained more than 7,600 eye health professionals in 183 countries, enrolled 8,000 new users, and facilitated more than 1,800 patient consultations around the world.
Long-term Country Program
By working with partners in the health services sector to build and strengthen existing eye care services, ORBis helps local hospitals in different parts of the world to build long-term and sustainable eye care capacity. From remote towns to cities, Orbis is dedicated to providing equipment and knowledge to help local people with eye diseases regain their sight. Orbis now has long-term ground projects in 19 countries and territories around the world.
Read more at Orbis.