Starset Society 中文镜像站

备忘录显示,情报分析人员使用美国智能手机的位置数据时没有授权

Intelligence Analysts Use U.S. Smartphone Location Data Without Warrants, Memo Says

《纽约时报》获得的一份非机密备忘录显示,情报机构的一个军事部门从智能手机应用程序中购买包含位置数据的商用数据库,并在没有搜查令的情况下搜索美国人过去的行踪。

A military arm of the intelligence community buys commercially available databases containing location data from smartphone apps and searches it for Americans’ past movements without a warrant, according to an unclassified memo obtained by The New York Times.

国防情报局官员在为俄勒冈州民主党参议员罗恩·怀登撰写的一份备忘录中透露,过去两年半里,国防情报局的分析师在一个商业数据库中搜索了五次调查中美国人的行踪。

Defense Intelligence Agency analysts have searched for the movements of Americans within a commercial database in five investigations over the past two and a half years, agency officials disclosed in a memo they wrote for Senator Ron Wyden, Democrat of Oregon.

这一披露揭示了数字时代隐私法中正在出现的一个漏洞:在2018年一项里程碑式的裁决(称为卡彭特裁决)中,最高法院认为,宪法要求政府获得授权,迫使电话公司交出有关其客户的位置数据。但是政府可以从一个经纪人那里购买类似的数据,而且政府不认为这样做需要权证。

The disclosure sheds light on an emerging loophole in privacy law during the digital age: In a landmark 2018 ruling known as the Carpenter decision, the Supreme Court held that the Constitution requires the government to obtain a warrant to compel phone companies to turn over location data about their customers. But the government can instead buy similar data from a broker — and does not believe it needs a warrant to do so.

原文来自The New York Times

翻译:STARSET_Mirror翻译组
审校:STARSET_Mirror翻译组

STARSET_Mirror

评论