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TSS中文首发:韩国“人造太阳”运行30秒再创纪录

TSS DEBUTS IN CHINESE:South Korea’s artificial sun has set a new record for 30 seconds of operation

作者:Poisonerver

By:Poisonerver

声明:此文章并非TSS官网原有文章,为STARSET_Mirror成员整理创作,希望各位不要误解。

Disclaimer: this article is not originally published on TSS official website. It is intended for STARSET_Mirror members.

12月5日消息,据报道,韩国研究团队近日成功将高达1亿摄氏度的“人造太阳”维持运行了30秒钟,打破了之前20秒的纪录。

A Team of South Korean researchers has managed to keep an artificial sun orbiting at 100 million degrees Celsius for 30 seconds, beating the previous record of 20 seconds, according to reports.

在这个真空容器内,发生着与太阳类似的核聚变反应,而产生的温度相当于太阳的8倍。

In this vacuum, a nuclear fusion process similar to that of the Sun takes place, producing temperatures eight times hotter than the sun.

报道称,KSTAR科学家又向前迈出了重要的一步,从而提升是进一步优化磁场条件和加热系统的结果。据称,该团队的目标是在2026年通过升级电源和通过钨分流器将等离子体维持300秒。

KSTAR scientists have taken an important step forward, the report said, adding that the lift is the result of further optimization of magnetic field conditions and heating systems. The team is said to be aiming to sustain the plasma for 300 seconds in 2026 by upgrading the power supply and passing it through a tungsten shunt.

据悉,超导托卡马克高级研究(KSTAR)也被称为韩国“人造太阳”,于2007年完成建设,并于2008年产生了第一批等离子体。

The superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research (KSTAR), also known as South Korea’s “artificial sun,” completed construction in 2007 and produced its first plasma in 2008.

在2018年的实验中,KSTAR首次让等离子体在1亿摄氏度的高温下持续运行(等离子体只有被加热到1亿摄氏度以上才可能实现可控核聚变)。

In the 2018 experiment, KSTAR allowed plasma to run continuously at temperatures of 100 million degrees Celsius for the first time (controlled fusion is only possible if plasma is heated above 100 million degrees Celsius).

此外,中国也正进行“人造太阳”的项目研究,早在2006年我国就已建成的“东方超环”被誉为中国“人造太阳”。

In addition, China is also carrying out research on the “artificial sun” project. As early as 2006, China completed the “Eastern hyperring”, which is known as China’s “artificial sun”.

而在2021年5月28日,东方超环成功实现可重复的1.2亿摄氏度101秒和1.6亿摄氏度20秒等离子体运行,将1亿摄氏度20秒的原纪录延长了5倍,达成历史性一刻。

On May 28, 2021, the Oriental hyperloop successfully achieved a repeatable plasma operation of 120 million degrees Celsius for 101 seconds and 160 million degrees Celsius for 20 seconds, extending the original record of 100 million degrees Celsius for 20 seconds by five times and achieving a historic moment.

更多消息请访问百度

Read more on Baidu.

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